The Norris Group Blog

California Real Estate Headline Roundup

Posts Tagged ‘MGIC’

By Bruce Norris .

The Norris Group Real Estate News Roundup 10/1/12

Monday, October 1st, 2012

Today’s News Synopsis:

Another bank closed today in Illinois, bringing the new total now to 43.  The inventory of homes for sale was lower in August than it was at the same time last year, which is preventing many wanting to purchase homes.  Taxes could increase by an average of $3,500 if Congress does not step in to stop the fiscal cliff.


In The News:

Housing Wire- “Bank of America to extinguish up to 150,000 second liens” (10-1-12)

“Borrowers with second liens owned and serviced by Bank of America ($8.83 0%) may qualify to get their subordinate debt extinguished entirely.”

Realty Times“Real Estate Outlook: Housing Starts Rise” (10-1-12)

“New housing starts were on the rise for the month of August according to HUD and the U.S. Census Bureau. This 2.3 percent rise was prompted by gains seen in the single-family sector.”

CNN Money“Americans face $3,500 fiscal cliff tax hit” (10-1-12)

American households face an average tax increase of $3,500 if Congress doesn’t act to avert the fiscal cliff, according to a new analysis from the Tax Policy Center.”

DS News“Where the Single-Family Rental Market Is Heading: Capital Economics” (10-1-12)

“No doubt, the potential of the REO to rental market has caught the attention of both individual and institutional investors.  ”

Housing Wire“MGIC stock shoots up after cutting new deal with Freddie” (10-1-12)

“The stock of MGIC ($1.77 0.24%) shot up 18% in morning trading after Freddie Mac proposed a new deal that would let the mortgage insurer write new business in states where it still lacks waivers on capital requirements.”

DS News“Illinois Bank Failure Raises 2012 Tally to 43 “ (10-1-12)

The fall of an Illinois bank brought the year’s national bank failure tally to 43, FDIC announced Friday.”

CNN Money“Student loan default rates jump” (10-1-12)

“Borrowers are having a harder time repaying their student loans.  The percentage of borrowers who defaulted on their federal student loans within two years of their first payment jumped to 9.1% in fiscal year 2011, up from 8.8% the previous year, according to U.S. Department of Education data released Friday.”

Inman“Low inventories thwarting buyers” (10-1-12)

Homebuyers nationwide are discovering their self-appointed task is not for the faint of heart. Nearly every major market has seen double-digit declines in inventories of for-sale listings, making multiple-bid situations common.”

CNN Money“Bernanke: Stimulus helps savers, too” (10-1-12)

“The Federal Reserve’s efforts to keep interest rates exceptionally low are in the best interest of those living off their savings, Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke argued Monday.”

DS News“Illinois to Use $1.4M in Settlement Funds to Help Renters” (10-1-12)

“Illinois will set aside nearly $1.4 million from the national mortgage settlement to provide legal representation for renters who reside in buildings that may go into foreclosure.”

Hard Money Loan Closed

Riverside, California hard money loan closed by The Norris Group private lending. Real estate investor received loan for $220,000 on a 4 bedroom, 2 bathroom home appraised for $370,000.

 

Bruce Norris of The Norris Group will be at the Apartment Owners Association in Los Angeles on Wednesday, October 17, 2012.

The Norris Group is holding its fifth annual I Survived Real Estate 2012 in Yorba Linda on Friday, October 19, 2012.

Bruce Norris of The Norris Group will be at the OC Investors Club in Tustin on Friday, October 26, 2012.

For more information about The Norris Group’s California hard money loans or our California Trust Deed investments, visit the website or call our office at 951-780-5856 for more information. For upcoming California real estate investor training and events, visit The Norris Group website and our California investor calendar. You’ll also find our award-winning real estate radio show on KTIE 590am at 6pm on Saturdays or you can listen to over 170 podcasts in our free investor radio archive.

The Norris Group Real Estate News Roundup 11/30/10

Tuesday, November 30th, 2010

Today’s News Synopsis:

According to Case-Schiller index, property values increased 0.6% year over year.  On the other hand, Freddie Mac reports that home prices decreased 3.1% from the 3rd quarter of 2009. Zillow claims interest rates increased to 4.3% last week.

In The News:

Bloomberg - “Home Prices in U.S. Cities Rose Less Than Forecast” (11-30-10)

“The S&P/Case-Shiller index of property values climbed 0.6 percent from September 2009, the smallest gain since January, the last time prices declined year over year, the group said today in New York. The increase was smaller than the 1 percent median forecast in a Bloomberg News survey of economists.”

San Francisco Chronicle“Consumer confidence in Nov. hits 5-month high” (11-30-10)

“A monthly survey shows Americans’ confidence in the economy rose in November to the highest level in five months amid more hopeful signs.”

Housing Wire“Zillow: 30-year mortgage rates trend upward to 4.3%” (11-30-10)

“Reversing last week’s trend, the 30-year, fixed-mortgage rate increased for the week ending Tuesday to 4.3%, according to the Zillow Mortgage Marketplace weekly update. The rate rose from 4.27% the week prior.”

Housing Wire“MGIC changes underwriting guidelines in response to market conditions” (11-30-10)

“Starting Dec. 1, MGIC will insure mortgages with a debt-to-income ratio up to 45% if the borrower has a credit score equal to or greater then 740. The loan must also be either a fixed-rate product or minimum 5-year adjustable-rate.”

Housing Wire“Freddie Mac: Home values down 3.1% in 3Q” (11-30-10)

“U.S. home values fell 3.1% in the third quarter from last year, according to the Freddie Mac conventional mortgage home price index.”

Bloomberg - “Banks in U.S. Resisting Calls to Repurchase Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac Loans” (11-30-10)

“The two government-owned mortgage companies are enforcing contracts that require lenders to buy back loans that didn’t meet underwriting standards. At the end of September, the companies reported, banks hadn’t responded to $13 billion in buyback requests. A third of those were at least four months old and Freddie Mac has begun to assess penalties for the delays. ”

Orange County Register“Late pay on O.C. mortgages stabilizes” (11-30-10)

“According to CoreLogic’s latest late-mortgage report, 7.29% of Orange County home-loan borrowers as of September are 90 days-plus late with their house payments.”

Looking Back:

One year ago, Edward Pinto expected 20 percent of FHA’s mortgage loans to default. The Federal Reserve bought $16 billion worth of mortgage-backed securities in one week. According to Michael Barr, Over 650,000 mortgage modifications were being processed, and over 375,000 borrowers would receive permanent modifications by the end of 2009. A survey from Barclay’s showed that as a U.S. citizen’s net worth increases so does the proportion of their wealth invested in real estate.

For more information about The Norris Group’s California hard money loans or our California Trust Deed investments, visit the website or call our office at 951-780-5856 for more information. For upcoming California real estate investor training and events, visit The Norris Group website and our California investor event calendar. You’ll also find our award-winning real estate radio show on KTIE 590am at 6pm on Saturdays or you can listen to over 200 podcasts in our free investor radio archive.

The Norris Group Real Estate News Roundup 11/16/10

Tuesday, November 16th, 2010

Today’s News Synopsis:

16,744 new and resale homes sold in Southern California during October. Builder confidence increased slightly this month, according to the NAHB. Sean O’Toole of ForeclosureRadar believes the foreclosure investigation will only have a brief effect on the market. FHA wrote $319 billion in new insurance in 2010.

In The News:

DQNews“Southland Home Sales Fall, Prices Flat” (11-16-10)

“A total of 16,744 new and resale homes sold in Los Angeles, Riverside, San Diego, Ventura, San Bernardino and Orange counties last month. That was down 7.4 percent from 18,091 in September, and down 24.3 percent from 22,132 for October 2009, according to MDA DataQuick of San Diego.”

NAHB - “Builder Confidence Improves Slightly in November” (11-16-10)

“Builder confidence in the market for newly built, single-family homes improved slightly in November, according to the National Association of Home Builders/Wells Fargo Housing Market Index (HMI), released today. The HMI rose one notch to 16 from a downwardly revised level of 15 in the previous month.”

Inman - “Realtor.com reclaims No.1 spot” (11-16-10)

“Realtor.com reclaimed the top spot as the most-visited real estate-related website in October, according to the latest report from Web metrics firm Experian Hitwise. The report’s data is based on a sample of 10 million U.S. Internet users.”

CNN - “Foreclosure mess prompts call for stress tests” (11-16-10)

“The Congressional Oversight Panel, created by Congress in 2008 to review the Treasury Department’s response to the financial crisis, issued a 125-page report detailing recent allegations that banks and loan servicers filed thousands of inaccurate documents in foreclosure cases across the country.”

Housing Wire“ForeclosureRadar: dramatic decline in REO sales in October” (11-16-10)

“While 50 state attorneys general offices and 11 regulators are investigating the matter, Sean O’Toole, CEO of ForeclosureRadar, said the issue will only have a brief effect, and that the real problem will be new scammers cropping up.”

Housing Wire“FHA 5 years away from 2% reserve ratio” (11-16-10)

“The Federal Housing Administration reported today that its capital reserve ratio will return to the 2% level mandated by Congress in 2015.”

Housing Wire“Moody’s sees minimal risk to RMBS from robo signing, MERS litigaton” (11-16-10)

“The risks posed to residential mortgage-backed securities by the robo-signing debacle are extremely low to moderate and should have a limited impact, according to Moody’s Investors Service.”

Housing Wire“One-third of fund managers see stronger economy in 2011″ (11-16-10)

“Investor strategy is slowly returning to a ‘normal level’ of risk-taking as 35% of fund managers now see the global economy strengthening next year. Only 15% reported the same sentiment last month, according to the latest Bank of America Merrill Lynch Survey of Fund Managers.”

Housing Wire“Reducing mortgage principal? Count MGIC out” (11-16-10)

“The nation’s leading private mortgage insurer, Mortgage Guaranty Insurance Corp., sent an e-mail out late Monday to mortgage default servicing clients clarifying its policies regarding distressed borrowers.”

Housing Wire“Ginnie Mae to disclose loss mitigation data on single-family pools” (11-16-10)

“Ginnie Mae will begin issuing reports on how many mortgages have gone through the loss-mitigation process for securitization investors.”

Housing Wire“FHA mortgage insurance beats private market 25-fold: KBW” (11-16-10)

“The Federal Housing Administration wrote $319 billion in new insurance in 2010, more than 25 times the $12.4 billion in new insurance written by the top five private companies over the last year.”

Housing Wire“Head of Chase mortgage: Foreclosure always last resort” (11-16-10)

“Foreclosure is always the last resort and least desired option for delinquent mortgages, and JPMorgan Chase uses all possible remedies prior to starting any foreclosure process, according to an executive in the bank’s home loan office. And in most cases, no one is even living in the property any longer.”

Bloomberg - “Bailout Panel Warns of Bank Mortgage Losses, Urges Stress Tests” (11-16-10)

“Regulators should conduct new stress tests on banks because legal challenges to foreclosures and uncertainties in the housing market could threaten the financial system, a congressional watchdog said.”

Bloomberg - “FHA Reserves Fall to Lowest on Record as Agency Boosts Capital” (11-16-10)

“The FHA’s capital-reserve ratio, which measures funds needed to cover projected losses, fell to 0.50 percent in the year ended Sept. 30 from 0.53 percent a year earlier, remaining below the federally mandated 2 percent minimum for a second straight year, the agency said today in a report to Congress.”

Looking Back:

One year ago, the Worker, Homeownership and Business Assistance Act was expected to provide approximately 33 billion dollars in tax cuts to real estate corporations. Statistics from Altera Real Estate showed that the most difficult Orange County market to find a new home in was Ladera Ranch. Foreclosure Radar reported that investors bought 337 homes and condos at foreclosure auctions in October.

For more information about The Norris Group’s California hard money loans or our California Trust Deed investments, visit the website or call our office at 951-780-5856 for more information. For upcoming California real estate investor training and events, visit The Norris Group website and our California investor event calendar. You’ll also find our award-winning real estate radio show on KTIE 590am at 6pm on Saturdays or you can listen to over 200 podcasts in our free investor radio archive.

The Norris Group Real Estate News Roundup 6/15/10

Tuesday, June 15th, 2010

Today’s News Synopsis:

MDA DataQuick reports A total of 22,270 new and resale houses and condos closed escrow in Southern California last month. According to the NAHB, builder confidence in the market for newly built, single-family decreased this month. Having a home with a view is on the top 10 list of preferences for 44.5 percent of men. Morgan Stanley’s research has lead the company to conclude that low mortgage rates will prevent a double dip in prices.

In The News:

DQNews - “Southland median sale price back over $300K; sales at 4-year high” (6-15-10)

“A total of 22,270 new and resale houses and condos closed escrow in Los Angeles, Riverside, San Diego, Ventura, San Bernardino and Orange counties last month. That was up 9.7 percent from 20,299 in April, and up 7.2 percent from 20,775 in May 2009, according to MDA DataQuick of San Diego.”

NAHB - “Builder Confidence Declines in June” (6-15-10)

“Snapping a string of two consecutive monthly gains, builder confidence in the market for newly built, single-family homes fell back to February levels, before the beginning of the home buyer tax credit-related surge, according to results of the latest National Association of Home Builders/Wells Fargo Housing Market Index (HMI), released today. The HMI dropped five points to 17 in June.”

Los Angeles Times“California’s economy to see sluggish recovery this year, UCLA economists say” (6-15-10)

“California stands to gain some jobs this year but recovery will be sluggish, and the state’s inland areas will bear the brunt of the continuing economic pain, according to a forecast scheduled to be released Tuesday by UCLA’s Anderson School of Business.”

Inman - “Top 10 sought-after home features” (6-15-10)

“Men and women’s top 10 preferences were largely the same with two exceptions: having a view made it onto the men’s list (and not the women’s list), with 44.5 percent of men saying it was a high priority; and wood floors made it onto the women’s list (and not the men’s), with 40.9 percent of women ranking them highly.”

Housing Wire“Low Mortgage Rates Help Block Double-Dip Threat: Morgan Stanley” (6-15-10)

“The US economics team at financial firm Morgan Stanley (MS: 25.96 +2.49%) says in their latest research report that recent gains in the nation’s economy point to a remote chance of a so-called double dip — where recent upticks in economic activity are only temporary — citing low mortgage rates as a key driver in drawing this conclusion.”

Housing Wire“Shadow Inventory to Take 3 Years to Clear: Standard & Poor’s” (6-15-10)

“The shadow inventory of distressed properties that back residential mortgage-backed securities will take nearly three years to clear at the current sales rate, according to the credit rating agency, Standard & Poor’s (S&P). S&P puts the total principal balance of the shadow inventory at $480bn or 30% of the entire non-agency market.”

Housing Wire“BofA Permanent HAMP Modifications Passes 70,000 in May” (6-15-10)

“Bank of America (BAC: 15.76 +2.27%) pushed its total number of permanent modifications under the Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP) to roughly 70,000 in May, up from 56,400 in April.”

Housing Wire“MGIC Writes $800m in Monthly Mortgage Insurance, Denies Hundreds of Claims” (6-15-10)

“Mortgage Guaranty Insurance Corp. (MGIC), the principal subsidiary of MGIC Investment Corp. (MTG: 9.12 +8.19%), wrote $800m of primary new mortgage insurance in May, according to monthly operations data. The company denied or rescinded — or canceled the policy relating to — almost 1,000 mortgage insurance claims in the month, helping to further reduce the number of delinquencies on its books, according to a press release.”

Housing Wire“More Funds Repaid to TARP than Outstanding in May: Treasury” (6-15-10)

“Treasury noted in the April update on TARP that it expects to spend less than $550bn of the $700bn authorized for the program, and expects to recover all but $117bn — an estimate that was subsequently revised to $105.4bn. Of $384bn in total TARP disbursements, more than half — or $194bn — was repaid through May, leaving only $190bn outstanding. The sale of 1.5bn shares of Citigroup (C: 3.975 +2.45%) pushed the repayments past outstandings for the first time in TARP’s history.”

Housing Wire“In These Thin Times, House Sizes Also Begin to Shrink” (6-15-10)

“In 2007, the average single-family home in the United States peaked at 2,521 square feet. That number did not vary greatly into 2008. However, according to a 2009 report from the Census Bureau, it’s now at an average of 2,438 square feet.”

For more information about The Norris Group’s California hard money loans or our California Trust Deed investments, visit the website or call our office at 951-780-5856 for more information. For upcoming California real estate investor training and events, visit The Norris Group website and our California investor calendar. You’ll also find our award-winning real estate radio show on KTIE 590am at 6pm on Saturdays or you can listen to over 170 podcasts in our free investor radio archive.

The Norris Group Real Estate News Roundup 2/23/10

Tuesday, February 23rd, 2010

Today’s News Synopsis:

The NAR predicts that the commercial real estate market will not recover until after 2011. In California, single family home sales decreased by 3 percent during January. The Standard & Poor’s index shows that national home prices increased slightly during December. 702 banks made the ‘Problem List’ for the FDIC in 2009.

In The News:

NAR - “No Meaningful Recovery in Commercial Real Estate Before 2011″ (2-23-10)

“Lawrence Yun, NAR chief economist, said commercial real estate almost always lags the economy. ‘Because of the lingering impact from the deep recession over the past two years, vacancy rates will trend higher and many commercial property owners will need to make rent concessions,’ he said.”

CAR - “January sales and price report” (2-23-10)

“Existing, single-family home sales decreased 3 percent in January to a seasonally adjusted rate of 539,040 units on an annualized basis compared with December 2009. The statewide median price of an existing single-family home decreased 6.3 percent in January to $287,440, compared with December 2009. C.A.R.’s Unsold Inventory Index fell to 5.8 months in January, compared with 7.3 months in January 2009.

Los Angeles Times“Home prices show small gain in December” (2-23-10)

“The Standard & Poor’s/Case-Shiller index of home prices in 20 metropolitan areas increased 0.3% from November on a seasonally adjusted basis, with 14 cities posting gains. Compared with a year earlier, the index was down 3.1% in December, but the year-to-year rate of decline moderated in all 20 cities.”

Housing Wire“FDIC ‘Problem’ Banks Increased 27% in Q409″ (2-23-10)

“By the end of 2009, 702 banks made the ‘Problem List’ for the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC), a marked increase of 27% from 552 at the end of Q309. Additionally, the total amount of assets of insured institutions increased $137.2bn to $13.7trn in Q409. Bank investments in mortgage-backed securities (MBS) also increased by $44.8bn, overall, to $1.4trn.”

Housing Wire“Lowe’s Profits Top $200m for Q409″ (2-23-10)

“Lowe’s Companies (LOW: 22.81 -1.13%), the world’s second largest home improvement retailer, reported profits of $205m, or $0.14 per share, for its fiscal fourth quarter ending January 29. The Q409 results are up 26.5% from one year ago, when Q408 net earnings were $162m, or $0.11 per share. For the fiscal year ending January 29, 2010, net earnings were $1.78bn, or $1.21 per share, down 18.8% from one year ago, when North Carolina-based Lowe’s earned $2.195bn. In Q309, Lowe’s reported net earnings of $344m.”

Housing Wire“11.3m Homeowners Now Underwater: First American” (2-23-10)

“11.3m homeowners now owe more on their mortgages than the value of their home at the end of Q409, with the Sand States taking four of the top five negative equity, or underwater, markets according to research released by First American CoreLogic.”

MGIC - “MGIC to Lower Mortgage Insurance Rates for Good Credit Borrowers” (2-23-10)

“The new rates will be lower for borrowers with a credit score of 720 or greater and higher for borrowers with credit scores between 620 and 679. No change is expected for those with a score between 680 and 719, according to a form 8-K filed today with the Securities Exchange Commission.”

Housing Wire“Home Depot Posts $342m Q4 Profit” (2-23-10)

“Home improvement retailer Home Depot (HD: 30.75 +1.42%) reported a profit of $342m, or $0.20 per share, for its fiscal year fourth quarter ending January 31. That’s an improvement from last year’s fiscal fourth quarter, when Home Depot lost $54m, or $0.03 per share. But it’s lower than Home Depot’s Q309 net earnings of $689m, or $0.41 per share. Home Depot said its sales performance was driven by gains in kitchen and bath, paint, flooring and plumbing as well as its international businesses.”

The Norris Group Real Estate News Roundup 10/16/09

Friday, October 16th, 2009

Today’s News Synopsis:

President of John Burns Real Estate Consulting expects the commercial real estate market to do further damage to residential real estate. New legislation requires swap dealers and major swap participants to register with regulators and requires clearing organizations to provide transaction information to appropriate regulators. GE, MGIC, and Bank of America lost over 500 million in Q3 of 2009.

In The News:

Housing Wire“BofA Loses $1bn as Net Loss on Home Loans Widens” (10-16-09)

“Bank of America (BAC: 17.26 -4.64%) lost $1bn or $0.26 per share during Q309, compared to a profit of $1.2bn during Q308. But company year-to-date income through Q309 was $6.5bn, compared with $5.8bn during the same period of 2008. BofA paid $1.2bn in preferred dividends for the quarter, including $893m in dividends to the US government”

Housing Wire“BarCap Expects $2bn of CMBS TALF Requests” (10-16-09)

“Researchers at Barclays Capital (BarCap) expect the October facility date for a government loan program to receive an uptick of requests over the last subscription date. The October 21 Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility (TALF) for commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS) will likely see an increase in subscription volume over last month, BarCap said in a research report Friday”

Housing Wire“MGIC Loses $971m on Increasing Delinquencies” (10-16-09)

“MGIC Investment Corp. (MTG: 6.42 -12.30%) posted a $517.8m net loss in Q309, compared to losses of $115.4m in Q308 and $184.6m in Q209. The net loss for the first nine months of 2009 was more than $1bn, compared to a net loss of $250m during the same period of 2008.”

Housing Wire“John Burns Sees Distressed CRE’s Dual Effect on Housing” (10-16-09)

“The pain felt in the distressed commercial real estate (CRE) sector will affect the residential mortgage industry on two fronts. The affects range from banks’ disposition of residential assets to a reluctance to lend to the residential sector at all, according to commentary Friday by John Burns Real Estate Consulting. The consulting firm indicated banks may need to dispose of residential assets to concentrate on commercial real estate distress as it continues to pressure the banks. This should have the affect of creating land-buying opportunities at low prices and sparking a bit of recovery, the firm said”

Housing Wire“Investor Coalition Says No to Interest-Only Mods” (10-16-09)

“The Mortgage Investors Coalition called on the Treasury Department to reject a proposal to offer distressed borrowers interest-only payments for a certain length of time as part of the terms of a Making Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP) workout. The coalition said a proposal being formed by large banks to allow borrowers the option to make interest-only payments as part of a new HAMP workout plan fails to address the issue of negative equity. Such a proposal is not in the best interest of the housing industry and consumers, said the coalition, a recently formed trade group of asset managers holding more than $100bn in residential mortgage-backed securitizations (RMBS) on behalf of pension funds, college endowments and other investors.”

Housing Wire“House Moves on Financial Regulatory Reform” (10-16-09)

“The legislation passed Thursday requires swap dealers and major swap participants to register with regulators and requires clearing organizations to provide transaction information to appropriate regulators. The bill also provides for public disclosure of aggregate data on swap trading volumes and positions in a way that protects the business transactions and market positions of individuals”

Housing Wire“GE Real Estate Revenue Falls 46% from 2008″ (10-16-09)

“Revenue from General Electric’s (GE: 16.08 -4.23%) real estate division for the first nine months of 2009 declined 46% compared to 2008, the company said in its Q309 report. GE Capital Real Estate, which creates real estate debt and equity investment funds for institutional investors as well as finances commercial real estate transactions through commercial mortgages in North America, lost $538m in Q309, compared to profit of $244m in Q308. Year-to-date losses through Q309 were $948m.”

Housing Wire“Calif. Bank Mod Program Beats Redefault Average” (10-16-09)

“Due to the modifications, overall loan delinquencies dropped as of Sept. 30, 2009, compared to peak levels. Loans 30 to 59 days delinquent fell to $70.6m, 55% lower than the $157.5m on January 31, 2009. Loans 60 or more days delinquent decreased to $16.8m, or 95% lower than the $431.3m on Feb. 28, 2009. Loans in foreclosure fell 38% to $281.8m from $456.2m on June 30, 2009.”

Bloomberg - “MGIC Declines After Posting Ninth Consecutive Loss” (10-16-09)

“MGIC Investment Corp., the largest U.S. mortgage insurer, fell 12 percent as the company’s quarterly loss quadrupled after a record number of homeowners failed to meet mortgage payments.”

Inman - “Pig-in-a-python economics” (10-16-09)

“Long-term rates rose again this week, the 10-year Treasury note and mortgages continuing the spurt that began last Friday, to 3.46 percent and just shy of 5.25 percent, respectively.”